scientific lab report on simulating osmotic pressure

Be concise. In scientific writing, it is very important to say as much as is needed while using as few words as possible. Lab reports should be thorough, but repetition should be avoided. The entire report should be clear and straightforward. o Write in the third person. Avoid using the words I or we when referring to the experimental procedure. o Use correct verb tenses. If referring to anything that happened in the past, then use the past tense. *Write about what really happened in the experiment, not what should have happened. Instructors grade lab reports based on understanding of the experiment rather than the results achieved, so if things did not go exactly as planned in the lab, resist the temptation to lie about the results in the report. Instead, try to explain what might have gone wrong and suggest ways the experiment might be improved in the future. * Use peer-reviewed sources for research. If background research is needed for the report, only credible sources should be used. Online scientific and medical journals are good internet sources for this type of report; in contrast, unofficial websites that are not peer-reviewed should be avoided. Textbooks and encyclopedias are also helpful for explaining theories or concepts used in the experiment. Also, no quotations should be used in a laboratory report. This means that you should always be paraphrasing when presenting an idea other than your own. Paraphrasing refers to the process of putting an authors words entirely into your own voice and style and integrating them into your work with a lead-in phrase and parenthetical note. A paraphrase, then, is not the direct words of the author you are paraphrasing with a few words changed. It is completely your words explaining what the author said. **Cite your sources. -double spaced -times new roman 12pts for every word -apa format Major Paper Sections: Title Page Abstract Introduction Materials and Methods Results Discussion References TITLE PAGE The title should be less than ten words and should reflect the factual content of the paper. A good title is straightforward and uses keywords that researchers in a particular field will recognize. It should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. ABSTRACT Begin a new page. On the first line of the abstract page, center the word Abstract (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or quotations marks). Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research. (Do not indent.) The report abstract is a short summary of the report. It should be no more than one paragraph (150-250 words) and should include about one or two sentences on each of the following main points: o Brief background information introducing your topic o Purpose of the experiment o Brief explanation of how you tested your purpose o The results of your experiment (Include the actual data) o Brief explanation of the results o Overall conclusion It may help to complete the abstract LAST because it is a summary of your entire report. INTRODUCTION The introduction defines the subject of the report. It must outline the scientific purpose(s) or objective(s) for the research performed and give the reader sufficient background to understand the rest of the report. Care should be taken to limit the background to whatever is pertinent to the experiment. MATERIALS AND METHODS Explain what steps were taken in performing the experiment. This is the section where you describe the procedures you used in conducting the experiment. Use the narrative format. This section should not be in a list format or read like a recipe. The information should be relayed in a story type of writing. Only include the important details RESULTS The results section should include a summary of the data without discussing their implications AND be presented into tables, figures, graphs, photographs, and so on. But data included in a table should not be duplicated in a figure or graph. All figures and tables should have descriptive titles and should include a legend explaining any symbols, abbreviations, or special methods used. Figures and tables should be numbered separately and should be referred to in the text by number, for example: 1. Figure 1 shows that the activity decreased after five minutes. 2. The activity decreased after five minutes (fig. 1). Figures and tables should be self-explanatory; that is, the reader should be able to understand them without referring to the text. All columns and rows in tables and axes in figures should be labeled. This section of your report should concentrate on general trends and differences and not on trivial details. Many authors organize and write the results section before the rest of the report. DISCUSSION Hypothesis support. Start your discussion with a statement supporting or not supporting your hypothesis. Relate the results. This section should not just be a restatement of the results but should emphasize interpretation of the data, relating them to existing theory and knowledge. In writing this section, you should explain the logic that allows you to accept or reject your original hypotheses. You should also be able to suggest future experiments that might clarify areas of doubt in your results. Interpret the results. The reader needs to know what the results of the experiments mean. Why is the data like it is? Why is this data important to know? Answering these questions will take raw data and make it meaningful for the reader. REFERENCES This section lists all articles or books cited in your report. It is not the same as a bibliography, which simply lists references regardless of whether they were cited in the paper. In each section of your lab report, youll need to provide certain information. Based on how effective you are at doing this, you will receive 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, or 100% of the points for that particular item. TITLE * Describes lab content concisely, adequately, appropriately *You need to make up a title that clearly states what you are doing in your experiment. ABSTRACT *Conveys a sense of the full report concisely and effectively *Provides background information that introduces the topic *States the purpose of the experiment *Briefly explains how the purpose was tested *State key results *Interprets data *Provides main conclusions *Provides background information to support investigation *Explains the objectives and purpose of the lab *States hypothesis and provides logical reasoning for it *Adequately utilizes scientific resources to support concepts *Gives enough details to allow for replication of procedure
*Written in correct format
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