Rebuttal speech

1. The rebuttal consists of counterarguments against the side that opposes your position.

2. If you are doing an affirmative rebuttal against the negative, then you will present 3 to 5 counterarguments against the negative side.

On the other hand, if you doing a negative rebuttal against the affirmative, then you will present 3 to 5 arguments against the affirmative side.

4. Your proposition (issue) needs the approval of the professor.

5. You are to choose a brand-new topic that is different from your position-stand presentation #1.

Importantly, you will CHANGE SIDES from your position-stand speech.
If you were on the affirmative (PRO) side in your position-stand speech, now you take the negative (CON) side in your new topic rebuttal for presentation #3.
Because you were on the OTHER side in your position-stand, you would now change hats and make counterarguments opposing the side you were previously advocated.
Perhaps in a way, you can say that you are arguing against yourself (your previous side in the debate).
A course requirement is for you to acquire experience being on the affirmative side AND the negative side.
For example, in presentation #1, if you were on the affirmative side, now in presentation #3 you have to take the negative side of the proposition or debate topic.

In argumentation and advocacy, you have to very briefly explain or summarize the opposition’s point of view.
Next, you then argue against the other side, as well as arguing for your own point of view.
The primary goal of a rebuttal is to always present counter-arguments to your oppositions main arguments.
Your rebuttal will be presented in a 5 to 6-minutes timeframe.
For example: When two people debate, one of them makes an argument or claim.
The other person follows with a rebuttal, which has the No, you do NOT see everything and these are the why” arguments that show more of the entire situation.

We often associate rebuttals with arguments made in the courtroom or public debates.
However, the term rebuttal in argumentation & debate can really apply to any situation in which counterarguments are advanced for a particular position and where 2 parties disagree or see things differently.
We often associate rebuttals with arguments made in the courtroom or public debates.
However, the term rebuttal in argumentation & debate can really apply to any situation in which counterarguments are advanced for a particular position and where 2 parties disagree or see things differently.
For example, sports fans enjoy making arguments about the likely winner of an upcoming game or sports events.
When you make a case offer counterarguments — for why you believe that your friend might not see everything or might be incorrect (wrong!),
Then you are presenting a rebuttal to her/his arguments for their particular sports team.

In sum:
A rebuttal is the presentation/speech of refuting an opposite or different point of view by offering contrary, contentions, evidence, and specifically well-rounded counter-arguments.
Also, some synonyms for rebuttal are rejoinder, refutation, denial, confutation, disproving, and counter-statement.
In law, rebuttal is a form of evidence that is presented to contradict or nullify other evidence that has been presented by an adverse party – adversary whether plaintiff or defendant.
By analogy the same term is used in politics and public affairs.
In politics and public affairs, a rebuttal refers to the informal process by which statements are designed to refute or negate specific arguments advocated by opponents and are deployed in the media.

Select a proposition or topic to argue, advocate, or debate.
Select a new and different topic for presentation #3.
Importantly, based on the position taken in your presentation #1, you will be changingto either the affirmative or negative side.
This is your rebuttal for meeting presentation #3 requirements.

Prepare an Argumentative-Brief (A-B) based on the model we reviewed thoroughly in class.
The A-B needs to be approximately 2 1/2 to 3 pages in length.
It will have at least 3 to 5 counter-arguments to the other side, position, or view.
The A-B for your rebuttal presentation is worth 100 points available.


Perform an analysis/review of four (4) REBUTTAL presentations.
Select 4 of the rebuttal presenters and note the counter-arguments they make in their presentations.
You are to write-out YOUR analysis and review of the quality of their counter-arguments.
You will write an analysis/review (at least page) on each of the 4 presenters you select.
This HIGHTLIGHTS part of the overall rebuttal project must be at least 2 to 3 pages in length.
You are to analyze the reasoning process, evidence, examples, and counter-arguments presented in the rebuttal presentation.
Be sure to note the support (proof & evidence) provided by the debater/advocate to substantiate her/his case (or claim).
As homework, you are to review the validity and soundness of each counter-argument the speaker made in her/his rebuttal.
The REBUTTAL HIGHLIGHTS/PEER REVIEWS are worth 100 points available.


EXAMPLE: Argumentative Brief – Rebuttal

Name: XXX COMS 40 Due Date: 10.01. 20XX

Debate/Rebuttal # 1: Resolve: That the U.S. should adopt Universal Health Care for all citizens.

Position: Affirmative Side

Definition, Analysis, Main Arguments:
Proposition: The U.S should adopt Universal health care System for all citizens.
Definition of terms: Universal health care, Citizens
Universal health care: Universal health care is health care (Links to an external site.) coverage that is extended to all eligible residents of a governmental region and often covers medical (Links to an external site.), dental (Links to an external site.), and mental health care (Links to an external site.).
Citizen: a native or naturalized person entitled to the rights and privileges of a freeman; a member of a state entitled to protection from it.
Universal health care. (n.d). Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia. Retrieved April 20, 2009, from the website: (Links to an external site.)

Citizen. (n.d). Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary of the English Language. Retrieved April 20, 2009, from the website: (Links to an external site.)

Analysis and Interpretation of proposition:
The objective of the proposition is to determine whether a Universal Health Care System should be established by the U.S as the insurer for all its citizens. The system establishes the Health Insurance Fund to manage all money that is going to be spent on health care. The fund pays providers of health care. Patients choose their primary providers. The health system works with providers to establish standards of care, to support physicians in providing high quality care, and to monitor care quality.
The position taken is in the affirmative that the U.S should adopt Universal Health Care System.
Main Contentions/Arguments from the negative side:
Contention/Argument #1 The cost would be exorbitant & economically not viable

Contention/Argument #2 Universal health would also raise taxes for all economic classes

Contention/Argument #3 The proposed plan would wipe out private health and medical insurance companies and limit health insurance choices

Contention/Argument #4 Universal health care would be like a giant HMO, not like a PPO plan

Contention/Argument #5 We would have universal health care problems similar to the U. K., there would be long lines for health care and long delays for treatment

Source: Issues and Controversaries

Transition: In my affirmative rebuttal, I will present counter-arguments to the negative sides first 3 contentions and demonstrate that the U.S should adopt Universal Health Care System.

Rebuttal Arguments:
(Argument #1) Health Care is a basic human right or entitlement to be provided by the government.
Every citizen deserves health care they can count on for a lifetime without the risk of losing their life savings when they develop an illness.
In 2003, two million Americans (75% of whom had health insurance) were forced to file for personal bankruptcies due to medical bills.
Studies show that more than 18000 Americans die every year because they were un-insured.
Studies show that around 30% of Americans have problem accessing health care due to payment problems or access to care which is far more than any other industrialized country.
About 17% of our population is without health insurance. About 75% of ill uninsured people have trouble accessing/paying for health care.
Access to health care is directly related to income and race in the United States. As a result, the poor and minorities have poorer health than the wealthy and others in society.
John R. Battista, (2004, June 4). The Case for Single Payer, Universal Health Care for the United States. Retrieved April 20, 2009, from the website: (Links to an external site.)

(Argument #2) The United States ranks poorly relative to other industrialized nations in health care despite having the best trained health care providers and the best medical infrastructure of any industrialized nation. (argument #2 when filled out with supporting evidence will look like argument #1)
(Argument #3) The quality of health care in the US has deteriorated under managed care due to profit earning motives of insurance companies and lack of access to preventive medicine. (argument #3 when filled out with supporting evidence will look like argument #1)
Rebuttal Arguments:
Universal health care provides an effective and cost-efficient solution to the health care problems of United States.
III. CCTA- Call for the Adoption of the Preposition:

In light of the arguments presented along with substantial supporting evidence, we trust that you will agree with the counter-arguments and position that the affirmative side advocates.
Therefore, we call for the adoption of the proposition that Universal Health Care System should be adopted in the United States for all citizens as soon as possible.