A. Session Overview
This session is designed to facilitate a comprehension of the strengths and vulnerabilities of the Services (U.S. Navy, Marine, Coast Guard, Army, Airforce, Special Operations Forces (SOF)) in varied situations. A comprehension of the essential supporting elements will also be exercised. Students draw on previous sessions covering individual Service capabilities and limitations and essential supporting elements to discuss options for responding to an assigned scenario. The session should help the student appreciate the benefits of Service cooperation, and the synergy of joint forces. Earlier sessions addressed the capabilities and limitations of individual Services, and of basic combat support functions, such as intelligence and strategic mobility. This session affords students an opportunity to explore their own combinations of Service capabilities for responding to a given scenario. The scenario is intended to represent circumstances that hypothetically arise within the next two to three years, but are not intended to represent predictions, or even probabilities, regarding potential future U.S. force employment. The scenario is merely a mechanism for structuring discussions about force capabilities. Students are not expected in this session to examine the likelihood of military force being used in the given scenarios, or the national interests that might be associated with its use.
Using the North Africa scenario and background (ATTACHED TO THIS ORDER) Service Capabilities Vignette for North Africa: Scenario and Background Information) and Joint Capabilities Hand Book
a. What capabilities each Service could provide that would be particularly effective in this
crisis? (Why select one capability over others? What are the pluses and minuses of each capability?)
b. What impact does the availability of strategic lift have on the capabilities recommended
and the sequencing/flow into the Joint Operations Area? Do strategic lift requirements
alter the capabilities selection their availability? If so, how?
c. What command and control structure would be best suited as the U.S. integrates with
host nation and possible coalition partners?
In answering the above questions, one should consider the following:
What implications do the scenario timelines and location(s) have on the capabilities
What limitations are there on employing the recommendations?
Are there complementary capabilities between Services that contribute to greater overall effectiveness? For the capabilities each Service offers, what do they need from other Services to make them fully effective, or more effective?
If more than one Service offers similar capabilities, are there reasons to prefer one rather than the other in this scenario?
How does the maturity of the theater affect the choice of capabilities? How will they get there, and how will they be sustained? Where can they be based, if needed?
What risk does the recommendation carry?
Are there redundant capabilities in the recommendations? If so, what are the implications?
What are the limitations of what can be accomplished in the crisis?
Does the choice of capabilities affect the ability to “disengage” if national policy so dictates?
Would the recommendation(s) change if the U.S. is expected to maintain a permanent presence in the local area? How would they change?
Are there potential coalition partners who might offer capabilities that enhance the recommendations?
Note: Do not address these points individually as the questions are answered. Use them to analyze the situation and potential capability requirements and to justify/support selected capabilities.